Tealby
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Dear, lovely old-world village, nestling deep
'Mid rustic lure of Lincoln's time-worn wold,
                                from 'Tealby', by Edith Spilman Dudley, 1946

                                                                                                                photo by Chris Drakes

View west from the Wolds at Bully Hill, above Tealby, Lincolnshire

The 1849 Post Office Directory of Lincolnshire shows, 'Tealby, otherwise Tevilby, a parish in the wapentake of Walshcroft, Lindsey division of the county, and Caistor Union; it is situated on a rivulet, forming the chief source of the river Ancholme, 4 miles north-east from Market Rasen, 19 north-east from Lincoln, and 8 south from Caistor. The living is a vicarage, value £100, and about 13 acres of glebe, in the diocese of Lincoln, and in the patronage of the Right Hon. Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt, M.P. for Lambeth, who is lord of the two manors of Bayons, otherwise Bayeux, and Tealby. The Rev. Field Flowers, B.A., is the present incumbent. The church, dedicated to All Saints, is a Gothic structure of stone, in the early English style of architecture, and has a handsome tower and 4 fine toned bells. There are also places of worship for Wesleyan and Primitive Methodists. Bayons Manor, in this parish, the seat of Mr. Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt, is a romantic and stately pile, being a castellated manor house, which, with its ruined keep, moat, draw bridge, portcullises, walls, towers, barbican, courts, terraces, extensive deer park, diversified by every variety of hill, dale, wood, and lake, and situated in a beautiful and commanding position on the wolds, presents a picturesque and magnificent example of a baronial residence in the middle ages. The interior comprises apartments of great size and dignity: a large banqueting hall, with an open and massive roof, after the fashion of early times, adorned with a minstrel's gallery, numerous suits of armour, ancient weapons, banners, and portraits; an extensive library in the same style, with a similar roof; a spacious saloon, corresponding with the hall in its attributes, besides a variety of galleries and apartments decorated with pictures, stauary, armour, tapestry, &c. The oriels and windows are beautifully enriched with painted glass, and a variety of coat armour and heraldic devices connected with the family. Bayons or Bayeux manor became the possession of Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, at the Conquest, and afterwards of the baronial family of de Bayeux, the Lords Beaumont, Lovel and d'Eyncourt to Henry VII. and became by subsequent grant and re-purchase the property of the family of Mr. Tennyson d'Eyncourt, to whom, and to his late father the manor house and grounds owe their present condition. In 1807 a glazed earthen vessel was turned up by the plough on Mr. Tennyson d'Eyncourt's estate, then the property of his father, containing about 6,000 silver pennies of Henry II. of various mints, and disclosing to antiquaries several mintages and specimens before unknown. By the liberality of the owner, collections were placed in the British Museum, and in other repositories. The discovery was made almost at the top of the wold, near what appeared to have been anciently a road on the southern boundary of the parish near to North Willingham. The population, in 1841, was 996; acreage is 3,950. Gentry. D'Eyncourt Rt. Hon. Charles Tennyson, M.P. Bayons manor, & Usselby hall, Lincolnshire, & The Chateau d'Aincourt, near Magny-en-Vexin, France. Flowers Rev. Field, B.A. [vicar]. Traders. Broughton Sail Banks, plumber, painter & glazier. Burkinshaw John, farmer. Burley ......, joiner. Burwell Mrs, Elizabeth, shopkeeper. Colton Edward, stone mason. Cooper William, steward & bailiff. Couch Thomas, miller. Dempsey William Churchill, surgeon. Drakes Thomas, 'King's Head'. Ellis William & Edmund, farmers. Fisher James, butcher. Foston Edward, farmer. Foston John, farmer. Gall William, blacksmith. Harrison Robeert, farmer, Castle farm. Hemstock Benjamin, saddler. Hill Edward, schoolmaster. Hill John, blacksmith. Humphrey Samuel, beer retailer. Ingram Thomas, carrier. Kneave John, shopkeeper. Larder Robert, miller & baker. Lee Robert, tailor & post office. Lill Stephen, plumber, painter & glazier. Limon George, boot & show maker. Limon John, stone mason. Lingard Francis, wheelwright. Lingard James, wheelwright. Marriott James, farmer. Morton Benjamin, grocer & draper. Musgrave William, farmer. Musgraves John, farmer, Manor farm. Newbold Mrs. Elizabeth, baker. Oliver John, miller. Petch Edward, stone mason. Pilley George, auctioneer. Potts George, stone mason. Simons Thomas, carrier. Squire William, tailor. Surfleet Robert, farmer. Taylor James, boot & shoe maker. Taylor William, boot & shoe maker. Trafford William, tailor. Upton George, butcher. Widdowson Robert, carpenter. Willey William, grocer & draper. Wingate William, beer retailer. Winn Robert, tailor. Post Office. - Robert Lee, receiver. Letters arrive by messenger from Market Rasen at 10 a.m. are despatched at 3 p.m. Carriers. - Simons, to Market Rasen, yues. Louth, wed. & Grimsby, fri.; Ingram's cart, to Market Rasen, tues. & Louth, wed.' See the next page for pictures of Bayons Manor.

                                                                                                                  photo by Chris Drakes

Sunset on the Wolds at Bully Hill, east of Tealby, Lincolnshire

                                                                                                                 photo by Chris Drakes

View over Tealby village, hidden behind the trees in the centre, looking west from Bully Hill

                                                                                                                photo by Chris Drakes

The woods that hide Tealby, the site of Bayons Manor & Tealby Church tower, viewed from the east at Bully Hill

                                                photo by Chris Drakes

The memorial headstone of John Drakes (1824-1900) & Catherine Sarah Drakes nee Cade  (1841-1919) of Stainton Hall, Stainton le Vale, Lincs.: ‘In loving memory of John Drakes of Stainton le Vale, who died Oct. 15th 1900, aged 76 years. - blessed are the dead which die in the Lord - also of Sarah, wife of the above who died March 19th 1919.’ They were buried next to his first wife, Winifred Drakes nee Cade (1829-1861), her elder sister. ‘In memory of Winifred Drakes, who departed this life August 22nd 1861 aged 32 years. What says the happy dead she bids me bear my load with silent steps proceed and follow her to God till dream.’

                                                                                                                  photo by Chris Drakes

All Saints Church, Tealby, Lincolnshire from the north east; there are several 'Drakes' graves on both sides.

                                                photo by Chris Drakes

Drakes family graves at All Saints Parish Churchyard, Tealby, Lincolnshire

                                                                           photos by Chris Drakes

                                                                           photos by Chris Drakes

                                                                            photos by Chris Drakes

                                                                         photos by Chris Drakes

                                    photos by Chris Drakes

                                                                                                                                  photos by Chris Drakes

                                                                                                                                  photos by Chris Drakes

View looking south over Tealby, Lincolnshire, from the churchyard


All Saints Church, Tealby, Lincolnshire, from behind the trees to the north


The Church and a village street, Tealby, Lincolnshire


View over Tealby showing the school, and the Tennyson d'Eyncourt Memorial Hall, Tealby, Lincolnshire
The entrance doorway to The Hall was in use as a Post Office in 2005, and the building to the right was the village shop


1910 Tealby thimble postmark


White House, and The Kings Head Public House, Tealby, Lincolnshire

The 1851 Census shows that Thomas Drakes was then the inn keeper at The Kings Head Inn, Tealby, Lincs.: 'Thomas Drakes, head, married, male, aged 51, inn keeper, born Tealby, Lincs.; Lucy Drakes, wife, married, female, aged 52, born Tealby, Lincs.; Mary Drakes, daughter, unmarried, female, aged 22, born Tealby, Lincs.; Thomas Drakes, son, unmarried, male, aged 21, born Tealby, Lincs.; Sarah Drakes, daughter, unmarried, female, aged 18, born Tealby, Lincs.; Charles Drakes, son, male, aged 9, born Tealby, Lincs.; Lucy Drakes, daughter, female, aged 6, born Tealby, Lincs.' Their son, Joseph, was away from home. (Source: 1851 Census: HO 107/2115/57 Caistor District household 83)


White House, Tealby, Lincolnshire

There is no known family connection with 'White House', Tealby, but the present occupiers are very interested in its history; if you can be of any help, please contact me and I will be pleased to forward your email to them.


This c1910 photo is entitled 'Castle Farm, Tealby'. On Your Bike – Lincolnshire by Roger Fox, published by Countryside Books 2002, shows, 'The Viking Way passes, northwest to southeast, through Tealby immediately to the west of the Parish church, northwest of which is Castle Farm.'


Paper Mill Lane, and The Ford leading to Bayons Park, Tealby, Lincolnshire


The Ford leading to Bayons Park, Tealby, Lincolnshire


Tealby Thorpe, Lincolnshire

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The 1893 Lincoln Long-wool Sheep Breeder's Flock Book Vol.2. Rams Nos. 514 to 903, published by the Lincoln Long-wool Sheep Breeder's Association, page 32, shows, 'William Drakes, Manor Farm, Tealby, Lincolnshire. Flock No., 72. Ewes put to the Ram, 225. The owner of this Flock for 12 years, and obtained it from his Father, Mr. John Drakes, who had possessed it for 29 years. Pure-bred Lincoln Sires only have been used. Recently: 'Riby Chief,' (807), and 'Riby Don,' (811), both bred by Mr. Henry Dudding; and 'Tealby Baron,' (854), bred by the owner.' Henry Dudding was from Riby Grange, Great Grimsby.


'The Tealby Shearling Rams 120 sold for exportation to Buenos Aires 1905'. The owner (standing near the tree) was William Drakes of Manor Farm, Tealby, with his youngest child and only son, Reginald William Drakes (b. 21.5.1894), who was then aged 11 (on horseback). It was Reginald William Drakes, who purchased Bayons Manor shortly after WWII, just for the farmland, as the house was then derelict; in 1908, three years after this photo was taken with his father, he was a pupil at De Aston School, Market Rasen, Lincolnshire.

For further information about Lincoln Longwool Sheep, see: The Lincoln Longwool Sheep Breeders Association


De Aston School, Market Rasen c1908


May Drakes, of Tealby, was born in 1888, the granddaughter of John & Winifred Drakes of Stainton Hall, Lincs., and the eldest sister of Reginald William Drakes, who purchased the Bayons Manor Estate. She died in 1982, aged 94 and a spinster.

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An 18-year-old Tealby-born lad serving in The Royal Artillery on 28.4.1854 at Devonport,
at the time of the Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856)


Joseph Drakes (1835-1915)

The photographs above are of a leather-bound pocket-sized 'King James' Holy Bible, published in 1853 by The Oxford University Press. It belonged to 'Joseph Drakes, No 3 Company, 13th Battalion, Royal Artillery Station, Devonport', Plymouth, Devon on 'April 28th 1854'; when he was aged 18 and had just enlisted. It also has the names 'John Drakes' and 'John Davis' written on these pages in the same hand; maybe they were his 'nick-names'? Joseph Drakes was born on 24.11.1835 at Tealby, Lincs., the son of Thomas and Lucy Drakes. On 8.10.1873, he was living at 4, Mars Terrace, Plumstead, Kent, and was then a Sergeant in the Royal Artillery at Woolwich Arsenal, Kent. He died on 11.11.1915 at Plumstead, Kent (London SE), as an ‘army pensioner.’ So, he survived whatever 'action' and 'diseases' that he may have been exposed to whilst serving with the Regiment. About 1854-1856, parts of the Regiment were posted to the Crimea, India & Bermuda. I have not yet traced where his 'No. 3 Company, 13th Battalion' was posted to and would appreciate any help or advice you may be able to give me.


Artillery waggons at a camp and officers posing with a field-gun during The Crimean War

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The Victorian Tealby Village Cricket Team, from an original photograph
found in the back of a framed 1910 Market Rasen wedding group

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King Heny II of England, who by coincidence is with whom the first Drax (Drakes) came to England from France in 1154; Tealby was later the home of my own branch of the Drakes family

    

Silver pennies of the reign of Henry II of England
The 'Tealby Penny' with the cross & crosslet design as found in 'The Tealby Hoard'

Early in November 1807, a man ploughing a field near Bully Hill on the Bayons Manor estate owned by George Tennyson esq., at Tealby, Lincs., noticed that the plough had broken and unearthed a course earthenware pot, and that a large number of silver coins had spilled out. There were about 5,700 (some accounts say over 6,000) of these Henry II (1154-1189) hammered pennies, which had been issued from 1158 to 1180. Many of the better condition ones were sent to the British Museum, many others into private collections, but those in poorer condition were sent to be melted down for their silver content. 'Tealby Pennies' were struck at 32 mints across the country and there are six main variations in the design of the King's head (two very different ones are shown above); they have been found in various locations across the country, but never again in this quantity - hence the 'Tealby' name given to the design by collectors. In 1998, they were being sold at £50 in fine condition, but by 2008 some were over £200 each, and many of these were poorly struck, badly worn, clipped, or damaged.

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The 'Tealby Estate' was offered for sale in 1972 by William H. Brown & Son, Northgate House, Sleaford, Lincs.; if unsold by private treaty it was to be sold at a public auction at Petwood Moat House, Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire on Friday 3rd November 1972. It was described as: An outstanding freehold residential agricultural and sporting estate of 1,063.927 acres, including superb modern gentleman's residence [this was the new bungalow that replaced Bayons Manor], excellent farm manager's house, two newly built farm buildings, secondary farmhouse, keeper's cottage, two fishing lodges, two principal ranges of modern farm buildings. This first class agricultural property is situated around the picturesque Wold village of Tealby and is undoubtedly one of the most important estates to come on to the market with vacant possession for many years.

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A brief history of Tealby village can be found at theoldebarninn.com/local-history/ & en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tealby.

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