W. Yorks Yeomanry
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The First (formerly South) West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry
My great great grandfather, Thomas Moss (1820-1856), was in the Wakefield Troop of The First West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry. Both his father and father-in-law, Enoch Moss (1798-1871) & Thomas Barmby (c.1785-1850), were in the Wakefield Troop of The South West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry, which was re-named The First West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry.
This was a volunteer regiment and all of its members had other types of income; many of the troopers were tradesmen. It was common at that time to hold two different, often connected, forms of employment such as 'Solicitor' & 'Clerk of the Court'. Enoch Moss & his son Thomas were both Sheriff's Officers & worked as Auctioneers in the firm of Child & Moss at Wakefield, Yorks. Thomas's father-in-law, Thomas Barmby, was a Coal Agent in Wakefield, Yorks.
SWYYC - South West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry button from the early 1840s.
Thomas Moss was involved in the Chartist Riots of 1842, when his Regiment was called out to keep the peace and were sent west towards the Brighouse Riots in Huddersfield, Yorks. The system for dealing with riots was that troops from the neighbouring towns would be sent to the area suffering from public disorder, and troops from the next towns outwards from the centre of the riots would move in to take their place. This would be repeated outwards for a considerable distance, thus giving a constant supply of reinforcements and safety to surrounding areas in case the riots spread outwards. However, it meant that many towns that were far removed from the riots were left without full troop protection. These Regiments had originally been formed as a type of 'Home Guard' to protect the country from possible French invasion; many of these troops were later to serve with honour in the Boer War and both World Wars. Some of the old Cavalry Regiments evolved into The Machine Gun Corps (as did my paternal grandfather's Regiment, The South Notts Hussars, in the 1914-18 War), then the Tank Corps in the 1939-45 War.
The original 'S.W.Y.Y.C. Standing Orders 1837' book belonging to Captain Jose Louis Fernandes of the Wakefield Troop of the South West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1838, Capt. Fernandes recorded the names and ranks of the Officers in the Regiment, and the NCOs and Troopers in his own Wakefield Troop (see below); this list includes Private Enoch Moss, the father of Thomas Moss (see '52 Private Mofs, Enoch' at the top of the 7th page below). Thomas Moss and his future father-in-law, Thomas Barmby, also joined this Troop in subsequent years. There is a very interesting website about Captain Jose Louis Fernandes' family history, which also mentions the future Captain of the Troop, John Naylor, and their dissolved business partnership: caliendi.com.
If anyone can help with further information about these ancestors or their Regiment, I'd be delighted to hear from you. If anyone else is researching this Regiment, I may be able to help as I have accumulated about 700 pages of research about this family and their Regiment, including 'Troop Movements' during the Chartist Riots and the 'Annual Review of the Regiment' at Doncaster.
Thomas Moss's 1821-pattern prize sword for skill-at-arms is engraved:
"Presented by Lieut. Colonel Viscount Milton
and the Officers of the 1st W Y Y Cavalry
to Mr. Thos. Moss Corpl.
being the best swordsman in Captn. Naylor's (or J) Troop
18th May 1848."
The sword was made by: ‘Reeves, Greaves and Reeves, Sword Manufacturers to Her Majesty’s Honble. Board of Ordnance and the Honble. East India Compy. 28, Bartholomew Street, Birmingham.’
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry: 1840s shako and shako badge; 1890s Boer War period brass helmet.
Buttons without crowns from the 1840s & 1850s, with '1' below indicating 1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry.
Buttons with crowns from the Boer War period, with '1' below indicating 1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry.
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Regimental horse-harness badges, c.1840/50.
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Regimental horse-badges, marked "West York Yeoy Cavy 1st" on ribbon around the central Yorkshire rose with a crown above. This was mounted on the side of the harness headset, just above the eye on each side (see 'Horse Guards' photo below). It is made of heavy brass with two thick straight studs on the back, which must have been pressed into tight holes in the leather, as there are no signs of any thread, pin-hole, or clip method of fixture. It was probably dislodged and lost during the Annual Review at Doncaster where it was found over a century later by a local resident. There was also a large 'star' badge on the forehead and breast areas of the horse harness.
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Despatch Box c1840s. (top with Royal crown & Yorkshire rose)
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Despatch Box c1840s. (front with keyhole in Yorkshire rose)
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Despatch Box c1840s. (left & right side fittings for sash belt)
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Despatch Box c1840s.
(weight: 1lb 3 1/2 oz., including wooden liner; size: 7" x 5" x 3 1/2")
1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry Silver-Gilt Presentation Cup with three miniature 1821-pattern cavalry swords forming the stem. 'Presented to Farrier Henry Adams by the Officers, Non Commissioned Officers and Privates of the Rotherham or D Troop 1st. W.Y.Y.C. on the 50th Anniversary of his admission into the TROOP IN TOKEN OF THEIR RESPECT for his Character and Good Conduct April 9th 1863.'
There is a small, but excellent, military history collection at Doncaster Museum, which includes a brilliant display of 1st West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry items. Doncaster Museum, Chequer Road, Doncaster, DN1 2AE; tel: +44 (0)1302 734293.
An Officer of the 2nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry in 1846, from an original print by Fores. You will see the significant uniform difference between the 1st & 2nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry; e.g. the 2nd had no 'Hussar bands' on their tunic.
Riding crop 'Presented to Private Joseph Hanson B Troop 2nd WYYC on 1st July 1857,' with engraved silver mount (see above & below)
photo Chris Drakes 1969
Horse Guards, Whitehall, London in 1969; photo by Chris Drakes
NB. There is a badge located on the side of the head-harness, as in the 1st WYYC paintings and badge above.
The following is a brilliant website for good quality early photographs of Hussars & Yeomanry. Whilst it is a French website, the British pages have English text. Sadly, it doesn't cover the above Regiment, but does have some photos of the 2nd West Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry: hussards-photos.com